What you need to buy in a home first aid kit
The components of each home kit can be divided into 4 groups. It is important that drugs for oral administration (tablets and mixtures), topical products (ointments, creams), dressing materials (bandage, gauze) and additional aids (thermometer, sans serif tweezers, etc.) are present in the first aid kit .
In each first aid kit must contain anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs to relieve temperature and pain relief. If one of the family members is ill, they will help relieve fever and reduce pain. The obligatory drugs of this group include Paracetamol, Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) and Ibuprofen. In this case, the supply of medication should be enough for about 3 days of use for one person. It will also be important to purchase an antispasmodic (for example, Drotaverin or No-shpa), as well as painkillers such as Nise, Nurofen, Mig, etc.
It is important that medications are always present in the medicine cabinet, which in case of anything can help relieve the symptoms of heart pain, intestinal cramps and emotional over-stimulation. Among these drugs can be noted "Barboval", "Corvalol."You should also buy "Validol" or "Valokardin", which will help with neurosis, hysteria, angina pectoris or motion sickness.
It is also important for a home first aid kit to purchase medicines that will help cope with gastrointestinal disorders. Among these drugs can be noted activated carbon, "Smekta". Among the preparations for the restoration of intestinal microflora can be noted "Hilak-Forte", "Laktofiltrum", "Bifidumbakterin." To relieve diarrhea symptoms, Loperamide, Lopedium or Imodium are suitable. It may also require the use of enzyme preparations ("Mezim", "Pancreatin").
Among other drugs in the first-aid kit, the presence of antihistamines for allergies is required (Claritin, Suprastin). For the treatment of cold symptoms, nasal drops (Tizin, Xylen, Xymelin) may be useful. Additionally, it is necessary to put in the first-aid kit those medicines that were prescribed by the attending physician for the treatment of the existing chronic disease.
The remaining drugs
Among the means for external use, it is important to have a solution of zelenka or iodine, which can be disinfected in order to avoid infection. It is advisable to buy salicylic alcohol or calendula tincture, which will help in the treatment of purulent wounds. Hydrogen peroxide will make it possible to stop the bleeding, and with burns, the rescuer or panthenol ointment will help. "Troxevasin" and heparin ointment will help to quickly get rid of edema and hematomas.For the treatment of bruises, sprains and other injuries, it is necessary to purchase ointments that contain ketoprofen, ibuprofen or diclofenac.
The first-aid kit must have a thermometer, a sterile bandage, an elastic bandage (for treating sprains), cotton wool and cotton pads (for compresses and wiping skin damage), cotton swabs (for applying ointments and other means), adhesive plaster.
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