What are antiseptic ointments for in our medicine cabinet?
Antiseptics are, perhaps, in any home and camping first-aid kit. Why do we need such funds? And which ointment is most effective?
What are antiseptics, why are they needed?
Antiseptics are substances that inhibit the reproduction and growth of pathogenic microorganisms or destroy them. What are these tools for? Any tissue damage is always associated with the risk of infection, that is, the ingress of bacteria or fungi. And to avoid inflammation associated with the activity of harmful and sometimes even dangerous microorganisms, antiseptics are used.
Should I buy antiseptics?
Antiseptics should have a special place in the first-aid kit, as wounds, abrasions, cuts and burns are the most common injuries that cause tissue damage and increase the risk of infection, which, for example, can lead to serious diseases and even sepsis (blood infection) .
If in nature your child falls or gets hurt, he will probably touch the wound with dirty hands.And to avoid the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms, you need to use any antiseptic. To protect the offspring, parents should always carry such a remedy with them, because the earlier they start to use it, the lower the risk of complications, that is, infection.
What means to purchase?
The most popular antiseptic ointment:
- "Betadine". The active substance is povidone-iodine. Use this tool can be with fungal or bacterial lesions of the skin, various skin lesions (scratches, wounds, scratches), ulcers, burns, bedsores, infectious dermatitis. There are contraindications. So, it is necessary to exercise caution in diseases of the thyroid gland (iodine can enter the systemic circulation and enter the body).
- "Dioxidin". The active ingredient is dioxidine - a substance with antibacterial properties against most microorganisms. The application is indicated for any wounds, bacterial infections, phlegmon, ulcers, as well as infection of internal organs. Both local use and intracavitary administration are possible.
- "Miramistin". The main active component of this ointment is Miramistin. The indications include burns, postoperative sutures, wounds, as well as some dermatological diseases. The tool is applied to damaged surfaces or used in the form of turunds and compresses.
- "Vishnevsky ointment". Ingredients such as birch tar, xeroform powder (it has an antiseptic effect) and castor oil. This drug is used for any damage to the skin, frostbite, calluses, bedsores, boils, lymphangites, lymphadenitis. But you can begin treatment only according to the testimony of a doctor, as there are contraindications.
- "Ichthyol ointment". The active substance is ichthyol. This drug is used for streptoderma, erysipelas, eczema, sycosis, furuncles, rosacea, as well as for arthritis, neuralgia and even prostatitis. Use the ointment can be applied to the damaged areas, or in the form of lotions. Contraindications include only intolerance to ichthyol.
- "Levomekol"Is a combination of two active ingredients: methyluracil and chloramphenicol.Indications: boils, ulcers, burns, ulcers, wounds, purulent skin infections. Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the components.
- "Zinc ointment". Zinc also has antiseptic and disinfectant effects, so this remedy can be used for wounds, eczema, dermatitis, bedsores, herpes infection, burns, streptoderma. Ointment is contraindicated only in case of hypersensitivity to the components. Possible side effects: burning, hyperemia, rash.
- Resorcinum. Active component of this ointment is resorcinol. Indications include viral, fungal and bacterial lesions of the skin, dermatitis, eczema, neurodermatitis, sycosis. This remedy is contraindicated for deep wounds, thermal or chemical burns, in childhood, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as for individual intolerance.
- "Boric ointment". The effect of this tool is based on the antiseptic properties of boric acid. This local drug is indicated for skin diseases and even for some gynecological, as well as parasitic lesions (for example, with pediculosis).Sometimes ointment is used for external otitis and even conjunctivitis (most often as part of complex therapy). Contraindications include age up to one year, renal failure and acute skin inflammation.
- "Salicylic ointment". The main active ingredient is salicylic acid. This ointment is indicated for skin lesions, dermatological diseases (for example, psoriasis or eczema), calluses, warts, and so on. Application is contraindicated in infancy and in acute renal failure.
Be sure to purchase one of the tools listed above so that it will always be in your first aid kit.
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