Medicinal properties of Badan
Badan thick-leaved is a very beautiful, evergreen and medicinal plant, which naturally grows in Siberia, Altai or Transbaikalia. It is very pleasant when there are plants in the garden that can charm with their appearance, while possessing a whole baggage of useful properties that are very easy to put into practice.
In addition, badan refers to the unpretentious grassy representatives, which means that anyone who wants to grow it on their own plot can be an absolute beginner or an expert in their business.
Bergenia is a low-growing plant, generally it reaches a height of 50 cm, there are also undersized varieties, the height of which is no more than 20 cm. It has thick, dark green and succulent leaves of a heart-shaped or rounded shape that do not fall off for winter.
Flowers appear quite early: literally 10-14 days after the last snow has come down, small, gathered in lush inflorescences, pink or crimson flowers appear on the plant.As we have already said, one of the main advantages of a badan is a set of its useful properties, it's not for nothing that it is used in traditional medicine as a medicinal raw material, as well as for the production of cosmetics.
In traditional and traditional medicine, most often, the root and leaves of this plant are used. It is in these parts contains the highest concentration of biologically active substances that can eliminate many ailments.
The rhizome includes many mineral compounds, for example, magnesium, potassium, calcium, copper, iron, manganese, as well as essential oils and resins. The leaves are a real storehouse for arbutin, which is several times larger than in the same bearberry, which is called its main source.
Allocate such basic healing properties of bergenia: disinfectant, haemostatic, wound healing, anti-inflammatory and diuretic. Rhizomes are usually harvested at the beginning of summer, for which they are thoroughly washed out with cold water, dried, spread out on cotton cloth, and then ground into medicinal powder, and decoctions or infusions are also based on it.
Leaves for treatment are used less frequently, but, nevertheless, they also have many beneficial properties, including antimicrobial, antipyretic and sedative. For medicinal purposes, only last year’s old leaves can be used, they are usually collected in the fall, and then dried in a cloth bag at a temperature of 60 °.
It is noteworthy that this plant is also called Mongolian tea, because on the basis of its leaves it really turns out tasty, fragrant and, importantly, a very useful drink that strengthens the heart, normalizes pressure.
Indications for use
As you already understood, Badan has a really impressive list of healing properties, so that it can easily be used to treat a variety of diseases. For example, drugs based on it are used in traditional medicine in gynecology, dentistry and gastroenterology.
In folk medicine, Bergenia extract has long and successfully been used to treat cervical erosion, helps with too painful and heavy periods, and also relieves toothache. Decoctions on its basis remarkably help with intestinal disorders, cystitis and rheumatism.
From the pain in the throat, periodontal disease and stomatitis helps rinse with infusion from the leaves of the baby's head, and various collections based on it perfectly strengthen the immune system and increase the efficiency of the body.
But there are those who need to be careful when using this plant. For example, Badan is contraindicated in those with chronic hypotension, as well as increased blood coagulability. In addition, preparations based on it are not recommended for a long time to not cause constipation.
How to grow a plant on your site?
Growing bergenia in their own garden - a good idea, it is unpretentious, shade-tolerant and able to withstand low temperatures. Under the open sun will grow, however, not as active as in full shade. It is also important to know that the badan does not welcome frequent transplantation: the minimum number of years he should spend in one place is about 7-8, and more preferably.
Although it is frost-hardy, it is better to cover the leaves with moss-sphagnum or foliage from trees for the winter. In the period of spring and autumn will not be superfluous to carry out mulching. Such a plant grows well next to the source of running water, but if there is none, do not try to plant it near water reservoirs, where water can remain stagnant for a long time.
Planting is best done in the summer, when an adult plant can separate good cuttings. In this case, the rhizomes need to be immersed in the soil shallow - about 5 cm to the base of the outlet, then thoroughly watered. After about 3 weeks, they are fully rooted.
Bergenia can be propagated with the help of seeds, however, this process is quite laborious, and the plants obtained in this way, the first few years, very slowly grow and develop.
The entire care consists in timely watering (it is important not to overdo it, since the rhizomes are in the upper layers of the soil), as well as in infrequent but stable dressings. Usually it is recommended to apply fertilizer before and after flowering. After winter, damaged leaves must be removed, which activates the appearance of young and juicy foliage.
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