Persian cats

The Persian cat is easily recognizable by its small oblate nose and by its long, magnificent wool. This breed is one of the most common in the world and in Russia. It is considered an "artificial" breed. The appearance of the modern Persian is the result of many years of work of breeders, which has not stopped until now. The most interesting site will tell more about this breed.

 

Origin of persian cats

 

 

The Persian cat has a very ancient origin, which remains a mystery. The official history of the breed began in the seventeenth century. It was then that strange cats with long hair were brought to Italy from Persia for the first time. After some time, long-haired cats were brought to France from Angora, in Turkey. At that time, the Europeans did not understand exotic fluffy cats, and could not distinguish between their species. Therefore, it is still unknown which cats became the ancestors of the Persian cat, and which cats were Angora cats. These two breeds obviously have similar features of appearance: tufts of hair in the ears and between the fingers, fluffy collar, well-developed chest, shoulders and loin.It is also unclear how cats with long thick hair turned out to be in the warm countries of the Middle East. According to one version, this is the result of mutations; according to another, the ancestors of the Persian cat moved to southern regions from Siberia. The second version is not meaningless, since the Siberian cat, which originated from the forest and steppe long-haired cats, has, like the Persian, hair bundles between the fingers and in the ears, a lush collar and panties on the hind legs. And only in the nineteenth century, English breeders, began to conduct serious work with long-haired cats. As a result, two separate breeds were identified: Persian and Angora. More graceful and slender cats, with an extended nose, were referred to the Angora breed, while the stronger and squat, with a short snub nose, began to be called French cats, and only after a time they got the official name - Persian longhaired. Cats, which became the ancestors of the Persians, differed significantly in appearance from modern individuals. In the beginning, only copies of the blue color belonged to the Persian cats. In our time, Persians have the largest number of official colors.The work of breeders with the Persian cat continues until now, they are constantly improving the breed, achieving the best exterior.

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Persian character

 

 

The most characteristic feature of the Persian cat is its small upturned nose. According to the shape of the nose, there are two types of cats of this breed: classic and extreme. The classic type has a slightly elongated nose, which is located slightly below the inner corners of the eyes. In the extreme type, the nose is at the level of the eyes, shorter and more upturned than in the classical type. Europeans prefer classic cats. But the Americans liked the extreme type. Extreme Persians are even called American Persians. A peculiar spout can give the animal's muzzle a very different expression - from gloomy and ferocious to sad and surprised.

 

Persian breed is distinguished by a large number of colors - more than 100. Conventionally, the colors of Persians can be divided into simple ones - wool of the same color, and complex ones with a pattern and without a pattern. A certain eye color corresponds to a certain color. Yellow-eyed Persians can have both simple and complex color.Green eyes have only complex color, and blue eyes have only Siamese.

 

Persian cats are large animals with a well-developed thorax, a wide back, short thick legs, round paws, a large head. The Persians have round large expressive eyes, a rich color, which corresponds to the color of the coat. The forehead is convex, distinct, the jaws and chin are strong. Ears small, rounded, widely set, with tufts of wool. The tail is short, evenly covered with thick hair, blunt or rounded at the end. Wool is the pride of a Persian cat. It is long, thick, very soft and silky to the touch, performs an exclusively decorative function. The characteristic features of the breed are panties on the hind legs, a chic collar around the neck and bunches of wool between the fingers. The voluminous "coat" makes the cat visually even more cumbersome.

 

It is considered that the Persian cat has no emotions, it is not too smart and smart, plays the role of an indifferent plush toy in the house. In fact, every cat, including Persian, has its own character, which depends not on the breed, but on purely individual qualities.Persian cats, indeed, are calmer and less mobile than representatives of other breeds. After all, they were bred as a homemade soft toy, and similar character traits are dictated by lifestyle. Persian cats are kept in comfortable conditions of a city apartment, they are not adapted for life on the street, do not know how to jump high, run fast and hunt mice. They are quite passive and sleep a lot. Nevertheless, like any cat, the Persians love to play and enjoy moving objects with pleasure. Persians - affectionate, quiet, sociable, but unobtrusive. They are very fond of the owner, friendly to all members of the family, including animals.

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Purebred cats, especially those bred in an artificial way, cannot boast of good health, which is the result of selective mating. Therefore, they are characterized by some hereditary diseases. One of the most common hereditary diseases of Persian cats is polycystic kidney disease. Heart disease, a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy that can develop even at a young age, is very serious and dangerous for Persian.The specific shape of the nose of the Persian breed was the cause of difficulty breathing cats and tearfulness of the eyes.

 

Care for these cats

 

 

Caring for a Persian cat takes a long time. First of all, this refers to its long and thick coat. A cat cannot clean up its fur by itself; it needs human help. You need to scrub a cat every day. If this is not done, the wool will quickly become tangled, and if the cat tries to lick the wool on its own, it risks losing its hair, which can lead to surgery. To wash a cat is recommended every two to three weeks. Particular attention should be paid to the eyes: daily wipe the tracks from tears under the eyes, otherwise the wool at this place will discolor.



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