Menopause in women: main symptoms and treatment
Menopause is a natural and unavoidable period in the life of every woman, characterized by the cessation of menstruation. Someone he comes earlier, someone later, but in any case, this is not going anywhere. Typically, menopause in women occurs between the ages of 45 and 55 years, but each organism is individual and unique, so the period of menopause may vary.
This is a phenomenon that does not have to be treated, everything will depend on the general condition, just every woman should know what it is and at what point the risk to health can come.
What is the reason?
Each woman contains a certain set of eggs that the ovaries produce once a month. To regulate menstruation and ovulation, the ovaries also produce special hormones - estrogen and progesterone.
Menopause is a moment in a woman’s life when the ovaries no longer produce special hormones that regulate menstruation, as a result of which it stops.
If menopause occurs after 40 years, then it is considered natural and should not cause any special unrest. But it also happens that the ovaries stop producing eggs and at an earlier age - after 30 years and even earlier - this is called premature menopause.
Premature menopause can be caused by many reasons: the consequences of surgical interventions, such as the removal of the uterus, the effects of chemotherapy, smoking, genetic predisposition, disturbances in the X chromosome, and many others.
Menopause is not an instantaneous phenomenon, it is approaching slowly and will make itself felt in a few months, or even years. The period before menopause, the code release of the hormone estrogen decreases, and the childbearing function begins to subside, is called premenopause. The onset of this period may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- excessive daily fatigue for no apparent reason;
- sharp mood swings, up to hysterics and depressions;
- menstruation irregular and either abundant or too scarce;
- discomfort during intercourse, which is caused by dryness in the vagina;
- decrease in sexual desire;
- frequent urination.
Premenopause time is special for a woman, if you feel some side effects that are not on the above list, for example: an increase in menstruation time, blood discharge during or after sexual intercourse, bleeding between menstruations, this may be a cause for concern.
In this case, it is best to turn to a specialist, to whom you can tell all your problems in detail so that he can prescribe the right treatment.
Many are interested in whether it is realistic to get pregnant during premenopause. Despite the fact that the reproductive function in this period is already decreasing, the possibility of getting pregnant still remains. Between the ages of 35 and 45, it becomes difficult for a woman to conceive a child, you can receive special treatment, which will increase the chances in such cases.
The onset of menopause, which replaces premenopause, means the end of the reproductive function of women. Again, this is a normal aging process for women, so menopause does not require special treatment, with the exception of certain pathologies.
- absence of menstruation for 12 months;
- mood changes, depression, insomnia;
- violation of the functionality of the urinary system;
- frequent headaches, general malaise;
- decreased libido.
What to do?
In fact, there may be more symptoms, they may not appear in full, but only partially. If you are still worried about this, you can try to see a doctor. He will assign a few simple blood tests to you, you may need to do a smear.
After that, the doctor will determine which of the periods of menopause has come, and may prescribe, if necessary, treatment with hormones - hormone replacement therapy. Such treatment can alleviate the symptoms of menopause, as these hormones replace the now absent estrogen.
Most of the hormones used in this therapy are natural, thus avoiding all unpleasant side effects.
Hormonal treatment should not be prescribed if someone from the closest relatives had breast or uterine cancer. There is also no need for such treatment if a woman has a uterus removed. Estrogens can be in the form of tablets, gels, patches, creams, and even in the form of implants.
In a healthy body healthy mind!
Although menopause can not be cured, it is possible to reduce its symptoms and to smooth out this period as much as possible, not only with the help of hormonal preparations. Any person needs a properly organized diet of food and day, and especially for women in such a period of life.
- Try to go to bed and wake up at one time, organize proper nutrition. Such an age category necessarily requires proteins, cereal complexes, dairy products, of course, vegetables and fruits in unlimited quantities. Proper diet can significantly reduce the unpleasant symptoms of menopause, reduce emotional and physical ailments.
- Very useful, especially in the spring and winter, will be taking vitamins during menopause. Different people have their own need for a certain complex, usually these are vitamins A, E, B and C. Women who have crossed the threshold of 30 years need prophylactic, and then calcium as an essential trace element.
- It can reduce the risk of such diseases as osteoporosis, maintain the mechanism of blood clotting, maintaining the vascular tone and immunity.Calcium can prevent fractures at an older age, especially if there is a familial disposition.
- The occurrence of premature menopause can be affected by smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Studies show that women smokers as early as the age of 40 can experience a complete list of menopause symptoms.
- Women who quit smoking 10 years before menopause, or who have not smoked at all, in most cases approach this life span only by the age of 47-50.
- A healthy lifestyle also includes daily exercise, which helps keep the whole body in shape. If you do not have enough time to attend special trainings, then try to walk as much as possible, go up the stairs, and not on the elevator.
Folk remedies can also be useful during menopause, best help in relieving symptoms: motherwort, flowers of hawthorn, Valerian, St. John's wort, mint and lemon balm. They affect the central nervous system, have antispasmodic properties, reduce the possibility of depression and nervous breakdowns.
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