How to care for a gardenia flower?
If you like plants, then surely there are a lot of them in your house. In addition, you should know that certain species require special care, which will depend on the life of the flower, as well as its appearance. And how to properly care for the garden?
What is this flower?
Gardenia is a beautiful and amazing representative of the flora, namely the madder family. South Africa, Japan, China and India are considered the birthplace of such a plant. In total, more than 250 species of gardenia are known today, but at home they only contain gardenia jasmine.
This plant is incredibly beautiful. It looks like a small lush bush. The leaves are rather fleshy, dark green and smooth. The flowers are large, with numerous velvet white petals and light pleasant aroma. Gardenia blooms from about July to October, and with proper care, the plant will be almost completely covered with buds. But it is immediately worth noting that the care is rather complicated, as gardenias are whimsical and demanding.
To start the flower you need to create favorable conditions in which it will feel comfortable and delight its owner with chic flowers. It is worth noting that changing the location of the pot can lead to the death of the plant, so it is better to take care of where to place the plant, as well as create a comfortable environment. A few important points:
- The place chosen for the location of the pot should be protected from any drafts, as well as well lit. It is best to place the flower on the window on the east side or the west. But it is important that the windows are not blocked from the sun by trees or nearby high-rise buildings.
- Air humidity. Indoor air should be fairly humid, as too dry can lead to wilting of buds and leaves.
- Lighting should be full and almost constant. But still it is better to protect the plant from direct sunlight, so that from 11 am to 3 pm you block the windows with curtains. If there is not enough light, provide additional lighting using lamps.
- If the plant has begun to bloom, then in no case move the pot or even turn it, it may lead to the sinking of the buds. In summer, the air temperature can be about 22-24 degrees, not higher.In winter, the optimal values are 18-20 degrees. But remember that the soil in any case should not be cold, otherwise the roots will not provide adequate nutrition, and gardenia will die. In addition, sudden changes in temperature are not acceptable. When laying the buds, the optimum temperature will be 18 degrees. The minimum allowable value is 16 degrees.
Choosing the Right Soil
The soil for gardenia is like food for people, because it is from the soil that the plant gets everything it needs. It is best for such a flower to choose a rather acidic soil mixture with a pH of 4.5-5.5. Suitable composition, consisting of equal parts of coniferous, peat, leaf and sod lands, as well as sand.
You can also buy ready-made soil for azaleas. But remember that gardenia will not tolerate lime content, it is destructive for such a flower. And do not forget to provide drainage, it is necessary!
Peculiarities of care
How to care for gardenia? As already noted, the care of such a capricious flower is quite complicated. Here are the basic rules:
- Watering should be regular. So, in the warm season (especially in spring, about 1.5 months before the flowering begins), the soil should almost always be wet (but it should not be water stagnant),so you can water the plant almost every day or every other day. In winter, the frequency should be reduced to 2-3 times a week. But the drying of the earth should not be allowed in any case. Water should be soft, as too hard can lead to wilting. It is best to use distilled boiled or filtered water. In addition, before irrigation, if necessary, it should be heated to room temperature, cold liquid can have a negative impact on the root system. And once every two weeks you can add a few drops of lemon juice.
- Spraying gardenia is also required. In summer, it should be almost daily, and in winter you can spray a flower every 2-3 days. Water should also be soft and have a room temperature. Use a spray bottle for spraying, as there should be no water droplets on the leaves.
- Trimming should be regular. If it is not carried out, the leaves may begin to fade. Crop the gardenia after the end of the flowering period and the fall of all the buds. It should be cut about half or two-thirds the length of the shoots. It is advisable to cut flower-thickening stems, as well as weak ones.
- Fertilizer.During the period of active plant growth (from March to August), fertilizer should be added once every two weeks. It is best to use liquid mixtures for flowering houseplants for this purpose. But it is recommended to reduce the dose by half (compared with that indicated in the instructions for the composition). For fertilizing you can alternately use mineral and organic fertilizers. Also suitable and peat mixture. And if the leaves began to turn yellow, then they can be sprinkled with a weak solution of ferrous sulfate.
Frequent transplanting is not required. Young gardenia should be transplanted annually, and an adult plant needs transplants every 2 or 3 years, not more often. If you recently purchased a flower, then do not touch it for at least 2-3 weeks, so that gardenia will have time to adapt and get used to a new place of residence.
It is the best of all to carry out change after the flowering period comes to an end, and also all flowers will fall off. The optimal time for this procedure is early spring.
So, carefully remove the plant from the soil without damaging the roots. Lightly shake off the roots, and then move the flower to another pot with prepared soil and drainage.
The reproduction of gardenia at home is carried out in two ways: grafting and seed. Seeds should be sown in the spring. They are covered with soil for about 2-3 centimeters. At the same time, the earth should be well moistened and crushed. Requires regular spraying of the soil and its watering. Before emergence of shoots the pot should be covered with foil. Usually shoots appear in a month. And gardenia will bloom only in 2-3 years.
As for propagation, the apical shoots are usually cut about 10 centimeters. This is best done in February or March. To begin with, cuttings in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then place in warm soil.
At the same time, a rooting stimulator should be used to ensure rooting is faster. It is better to cover the cuttings with a jar, but they should be periodically ventilated and sprinkled. And do not forget to moisten the soil. It is worth noting that the rooting process is quite long. You can try rooting the cuttings in water, but it is even more difficult.
Gardening can be affected by aphids, whitefly, scab, tick and some other pests.If you notice traces of a lesion, spray it with special insecticides.
If the leaves turn yellow and begin to fall off, and the buds crumble (or do not begin to blossom), the plant probably lacks light or moisture.
Let the gardenia bloom and make you happy!
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