HowTo: The Volume of Water of Your Pool  poolplaza.com
How to Calculate Swimming Pool Volume in Gallons
Five Methods:
Knowing how much water your pool will hold is the key to having the correct water chemistry, sizing pumps, filters, and more. If you want to be able to calculate your swimming pool volume in gallons, all you have to do is follow a simple formula that is derived from your pool's shape. If you want to know how to do it, just follow these steps.
Steps
Measuring Your Swimming Pool

Measure the length and width of the pool.If it's rectangle, just measure the longest side and the shortest side of the pool. If it's a square, just measure one of the sides of the pool  all four sides of the square will have the same length. And if your pool is round, just measure the diameter of the pool, which is the longest path that can travel through the center of the circle, from one edge to the other.

Measure the depth of your pool.This is the other dimension that is crucial to knowing the volume of your pool. If your pool has the same depth throughout  most above ground pools are structured this way, for example  then you'll just have to take one measurement from the top to the bottom of the pool. But if, like most pools, your pool has depth that gradually increases, then you'll have to measure the minimum depth (the shallow end) and the maximum depth (the deep end) of the pool.
Calculating the Volume of a Rectangular Pool

Find the average depth of the pool.To do this, you need to write down the measurements of the deep end and the shallow end of the pool and divide the result by two. Let's say the shallow end of the pool measures 3 feet and the deep end measures 8 feet. (3 + 8)/2 = 5.5. The average depth of the pool is 5.5 feet.

Multiply the result by the length and width of the pool.Now, just take this number and multiply it by the length and width of the pool. You're really just multiplying the area of the bottom of the pool by its depth. Let's say that the width of the pool is 20 feet and the length is 40 feet. So, 5.5 x 40 x 20 = 4,400 cubic feet.

Convert the answer to gallons.To convert the answer to gallons, simply multiply the answer by 7.48. 4,400 x 7.48 = 32, 912 gallons of water. You're all done.
Calculating the Volume of a Round Pool

Calculate the volume of the pool as if it were a cylinder.If you have a round pool that is of uniform depth, then all you have to do to find the volume is to treat it like a cylinder. To find the volume of a cylinder, all you have to do is find the area of the circular base times the height; this uses the formulaV = πr2h.Let's say the pool's radius is 4.5 feet and its depth (height) is 4 feet. Plug those numbers into the formula to find the volume: V = π x 4.52x 4 = 254.46 cubic feet. To convert this to gallons, simply multiply the result by 7.48. 254.46 x 7.48 = 1903 gallons.

Use the shorthand formula for finding the volume of a round pool.For faster but slightly less accurate results, you can also plug the depth and diameter of the pool into the following formula:V = depth x diameter squared x 5.9. Let's say we're working with the same circle that has a depth of 4 and a diameter of 9 (the same as having a radius of 4.5). The volume of this pool = 4 x 9 x 9 x 5.9 = 1,911 gallons. The result is slightly larger.

Adjust the formula if your pool does not have the same depth.If your pool is shallower on one end and deeper on the other. just measure the minimum height and maximum height of the pool and divide them by 2 to get the average height, or the depth you should use in either formula. For example, if the pool has a minimum depth of 5 feet and a maximum depth of 10 feet, then you can add 5 + 10 to get 15, and divide 15 by 2 to get 7.5, the average depth of the pool. You can use this as the depth of the pool in either formula.
Calculating the Volume of a Free Form Pool

Find the average depth of the pool.Simply find the minimum depth and the maximum depth of the pool and divide the result by 2. Let's say the shallow end of the pool measures 3 feet and the deep end measures 8 feet. (3 + 8)/2 = 5.5. The average depth of the pool is 5.5 feet.

Find the average width of the pool.Now, just find the average of all the widths of the pool by adding up the different widths and dividing by the amount of widths. Let's say you're working with a pool that has three widths: 20, 15, and 20. So, add them up and divide by 3. 20 + 15 + 20 = 55. 55/3 = 18.3 feet. The average width of the pool is 18.3 feet.

Find the length of the pool.Let's say the length of the pool is 40 feet.

Multiply the average depth, the average width, and the length of the pool.So, 5.5 feet x 18.3 feet x 40 feet = 4,026 cubic feet.

Multiply the result by 7.48 to get the answer in gallons.4,026 cubic feet x 7.48 = 30,114 gallons.
Calculation Help
Community Q&A

QuestionHow can I calculate the volume of an oval swimming pool?wikiHow ContributorCommunity Answer0.5 of one axis multiplied by 0.5 of the other axis multiplied by pi multiplied by the depth of the pool.Thanks!

QuestionHow do I compute which pump to use in a swimming pool?wikiHow ContributorCommunity Answer1 cubic foot of water contains 6.25 gallons. Measure the pool length and breadth, multiply together, then multiply buy the mean depth to calculate the volume. Then multiply volume x 6.25 for the number of gallons.Thanks!

QuestionWhen is the best time to add chemicals, and how long does the filter need to run?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerSome chemicals are okay to swim in. Add acid and shock at night and let the filter run at least 8 hours. Do not go swimming after adding acid or shock for a minimum of 8 hours.Thanks!

QuestionI have a round pool that measures 27' X 27' X4 1/2'. How much water do I have?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerFor an approximation, use pi x rsquared, or 13.5 x 13.5 x the value of pi (3.1416); this will be square feet. Multiply by 4.5 for cubic feet. To convert cubic feet to gallons: multiply by 7.48. This is just a quick conversion.Thanks!

QuestionHow much will the water volume increase when ten people are in the swimming pool?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThe water volume would not increase regardless of how many people are in the pool.Thanks!

QuestionI have a pool that's 4' tall by 13' round, how much water is in the pool?wikiHow ContributorCommunity Answer530 cubic feet of water, or 5,960 gallons.Thanks!

How do I calculate a pool which has two levels with a slope midway?

18 ft pool by 4ft deep how much water would it hold?

Pool is 40" tall and 15' diameter. How many gallons is that?

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I have a pool that has 33,660 gallons. What is the capacity of the pool?
Quick Summary
To calculate the volume of a rectangular swimming pool in gallons, start by measuring the length, width, and depth of your pool. If your pool has a shallow end and a deep end, find the average depth of the pool by adding the depth of both ends together and then dividing the results by 2. After you have the depth, width, and length, multiply these together to get the cubic feet of the pool. Finally, multiply this result by 7.48 to find the number of gallons.
 If your irregularly shaped pool can be divided easily into regular shapes, you can calculate the volume for each area, then add them together.
 Examples:
 Average depth (3’ to 8’ deep)
 3 + 8 = 11
 11 / 2 = 5.5
 Rectangle:
 Depth as in the example above
 Forty feet long, twenty feet wide
 5.5 x 40 x 20 x 7.5 = 33,000 gal.
 Free Form:
 Depth as in the example above
 Thirty feet long, average 16 feet wide
 5.5 x 30 x 16 x 7.5 = 19,800 gal.
 Round pool:
 Four feet deep, throughout
 Nine feet across
 4 x 9 x 9 x 5.9 = 4 x 81 x 5.9 = 1,912 gal.
 Average depth (3’ to 8’ deep)
Warnings
 If your pool is of extremely irregular shape, it would be wise to take as many evenlyspaced width measurements as you can stand, perhaps one width measurement for every foot of length.
Video: How To Calculate The Volume Of A Swimming Pool
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