Hofburg - a place that you definitely need to see in Vienna
If you are going to go to Vienna, then allocate at least one day to visit the Hofburg Palace. Every self-respecting tourist should see this place. But to cover all the fun, make an action plan and find out how to spend time.
What is the Hofburg?
Hofburg was originally a fortress, and built it in the distant XIII century. When Austria strengthened its positions, it was decided to turn the building into a residence of the emperors, and the palace still performs this basic function. But today it is not just a majestic structure, but a whole huge complex consisting of many different buildings, squares and monuments.
Here is still the residence of the Austrian emperor, but in addition to it the Hofburg includes numerous museums, stables, parks, churches and much more. In total there are about 2.6 thousand different rooms and halls in the complex, but not all are open to tourists.
How did it come about?
The history of the creation of the Hofburg dates back to the distant XIII century. Documents were found according to which the Austrian emperors lived in this palace long before the legendary Habsburg dynasty. In the Middle Ages, the palace represented various structures around the Swiss courtyard, among which the treasury and the chapel were considered particularly important.
Almost all the rulers who were representatives of the Habsbrug dynasty, rebuilt the residence in order to expand it. Nearby buildings were redeemed from their owners and demolished, new buildings appeared in their places. And this is how the emperors began to use the famous layout of the Hofburg courtyards, each of which belonged to one of their rulers.
For example, Ferdinand I erected the majestic Swiss Gate, with the second Rudolf appeared the empress's chambers, Leopold I added a complex of rooms for receptions, as well as wine cellars, Charles VI presented the library and the Spanish arena to Vienna.
The century before last the demolition of the walls of Vienna, planned by Franz Joseph, took place, and after that it was decided to expand the complex by building a luxurious new castle, kept in the popular neo-Empire style.The work continued for a very long time and ended almost before the war, which forcedly halted the enormous expansion. Later, the state joined Germany, which was then ruled by Hitler.
When to visit Hofburg?
The schedule of the Hofburg Palace is convenient for all tourists: you can visit this amazing place any day, with the exception of national holidays. From September to June, the complex operates from 9 am to 5.30 pm And in the summer months (July and August) the entrance is open from 9:00 to 18:00. You can buy tickets at the ticket office, which operates daily and closes one hour before the Hofburg closes.
Things to do?
If you decide to visit the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, you will certainly find out what to do here, because there are many options:
- Stroll through the parks of Volksgarten and Burggarten.
- To get acquainted with the life and lifestyle of the Austrian rulers, by all means pay attention to the chic imperial apartments.
- If you get hungry, you can visit the local cafe with a beautiful view of the greenhouse and garden.
- Visit the many museums, among which are both dedicated to the history of Austria and the life of the rulers, and more unusual.
- Every Sunday, as well as on public holidays, the legendary choir of boys performs in the Court Chapel, in which such famous musicians as Franz Schubert, Hans Richter and Jacobus Gallus sang at one time.
- If you love animals or want to enjoy an unusual and stunning spectacle, then in the morning you can see the performance of the Lipizian stallions, organized by the Spanish Riding School.
- Take some amazing photos to keep the most pleasant memories of a trip to Vienna and a visit to the Hofburg.
- If you want not just to see the sights, but to learn about them as much as possible and get better acquainted with the history of the state, then you should go on an excursion. The guide will introduce you to the course of all events and reveal interesting facts.
What's so interesting?
What to see in the Hofburg tourist? Pay special attention to the following attractions:
- The wing of the Archangel Michael and the square of the same name. The structure has a rounded shape, and the building itself appeared thanks to Franz Joseph I.
- The square In der der Burg, to which the majestic main gates of the Swiss Gate lead.Long ago there were tournaments, parades and even public executions. In the very center of the square there is a monument to the ruler Franz I.
- Joseph Square, located on the outside of the old Hofburg.
- The Leopold's wing can be found opposite the gate leading to the In-der-Burg. This building was erected in the XVII century during the reign of Leopold I. Today, this building is officially used as the residence of the president, and the entrance to it is strictly prohibited.
- The wing of Amalia can be found on the tower with a copper dome. In this building for a long time lived the wife of Joseph I Amalia after the death of the emperor.
- Especially interesting for tourists will be the wing of the Imperial Chancellery, which until the XIX century was used as a place for reception of eminent guests, and later turned into a chancery. Here are directly the imperial office, open for travelers, the imperial apartment, gorgeous Red Hall, as well as a dining room (the table is set according to all the rules of Spanish etiquette, which was followed by the Austrian ruler Franz Joseph).
- The Imperial or Court Chapel (from which is accessible the entrance to the Swiss court).It is here that the famous worldwide choir of boys regularly performs. It is worth noting that this Hofburg structure is a long-lived. Above the main altar you can see a wooden crucifix.
- The Spanish Riding School and Stallburg are the Imperial Stables. There is a museum, and it presents the best horses of the breed of Lipiziana. And the school organizes daily performances, more reminiscent of virtuoso dancing.
- Silver Chamber. Here are the unique silver and other exhibits that were once used by the Austrian rulers: cutlery, crockery, dinner sets, tablecloths, napkins, and much more used for serving and cooking. Also you can learn culinary preferences of emperors and even the best recipes of court cooks.
- The treasury is the repository of the real wealth of the state, in which you can find truly invaluable things. One of the main exhibits is the crown of the Roman Empire.
- Sissy Museum. Empress Elizabeth of Bavaria is known to almost everyone, because she was not just a beauty, but an incredibly strong and intelligent woman.The museum has her belongings, various luxurious jewelry, portraits and even personal letters, gorgeous outfits and much more. By visiting this place, you will be able to live the life of Elizabeth in a few minutes and get to know her better.
- In the Pallavicini Palace you can find an exhibition of the works of the legendary Salvador Dali.
- The area of St. Joseph throughout the existence of the complex had many uses: it was once a cemetery of Augustinians, then used as a riding ground, and then transformed into a park. Today you can see a statue of Joseph II, thanks to which the modern name of this place appeared.
- The National Library is a repository of priceless handwritten and printed books, maps, manuscripts, scores, and more. The main and most majestic part of the building is the Parade Hall, striking in size and magnificence, stretching the entire length of the library and occupying two whole floors.
- Church of the Augustinian. Here you can find the tombstone of Maria Theresa’s daughter, Maria Cristina, as well as Crypt of hearts with urns in which the embalmed hearts of some Austrian rulers are kept.But to look at them is not so easy, it requires an advance recording.
- Albertina was originally the palace of Albert Saxon-Teshensky, and at the moment in this place is an art museum with various exhibits: photographs, models, paintings and so on.
- In the Armory, you can find a variety of weapons: from hunting and court rifles to weapons of military and armor of the emperors themselves.
- The butterfly house is an amazing place that will be especially enjoyed by the fair sex. Coming here, tourists literally fall into the tropics with amazing plants and, of course, butterflies, which easily fly around the huge glass building, drink nectar and even go through the transformations of the pupa into a chic butterfly.
- Ballhausplatz Square. Here are the most important administrative buildings in Austria. By the way, this name was given a place thanks to the imperial hall, intended for playing ball.
- Kaisergruft is a real crypt of the rulers of the state, which contains the remains of more than one hundred representatives of the Habsburg dynasty, among which are sixteen empresses and twelve emperors.
If you decide to visit the Hofburg, then be prepared to spend all day here. But this trip is exactly remembered for you!
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