Hippeastrum - chic exotic flower
No real grower can ignore such a beautiful and extraordinary plant, which belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family. Today we will discuss, of course, about indoor gippeastrum - the bulbous handsome man, whose birthplace is Central America.
Long dense leaves and large flowers that appear on the plant up to 2 times a year - are its justified pride, which will not leave indifferent even those who are not at all fond of flowers.
In Europe, hippeastrum was introduced in the middle of the 16th century, because it was then that the active construction of all kinds of greenhouses began in private possessions, where hunters for rare plants took all the most unusual for our latitudes. Today, such a flower can be grown in the conditions of ordinary apartments, so anyone who wishes can admire its beauty. It is especially interesting to podgadat with flowering to some holiday or event, because the bright flowers of gippeastrum perfectly replace any purchased bouquet.
Home care for the flower
How to properly care for the hippeastrum to achieve its beautiful flowering? You need to start with the selection of the bulb: carefully examine it, it should be weighty, dense with dry scales and live roots. If you are buying a potted plant, then carefully examine the leaves: they should be brilliant, juicy and bright green in color, without any inclusions or strange patterns.
Now our onion needs to be planted. In principle, such plants get along well in any garden soil, but in order to achieve the maximum effect from flowering, you can use special types of soil that are sold in stores.
Pay attention to the pot: it should not be too large, ideally, between the walls and the bulb should be maintained a thickness of 2-3 cm. Otherwise, the flower will begin to actively acquire children, grow leaves, but most likely, it will refuse to bloom.
Also, make sure that the pot is stable: the flowers in hippeastrum are large, sometimes reaching 20 cm in diameter, which indicates a decent weight! The bulb is not buried completely in the ground: a little earth is poured onto a small drainage, the bulb is carefully inserted into itstraighten the roots, and then, approximately to its middle, still sprinkle with soil.
Watering, feeding and temperature features
As for irrigation, before the beginning of the growing season (occurrence of the flower stem), it should be quite scarce, while at the same time, it is necessary to water not in the pot, but in the pan, which will protect the roots from rotting. As soon as the peduncle appears, watering should be strengthened and monitored so that the soil is always wet during this period, but you should not be zealous either.
During the rest period (from October to January), watering stops altogether. Also, do not forget to sometimes carry out shower procedures: the leaves must be washed with a warm, damp sponge regularly.
It is best to place such a flower on warm and sunny windows, for example, southern ones, however, make sure that the direct rays of the sun do not fall on the leaves. The flower itself sometimes rotate around its axis so that it maintains the correct shape. In the period of flowering and active growth, the preferred temperature is about 17 ° -25 °, in the period of rest - about 12 °.
Since the plant spends quite a lot of energy on its beautiful flowers, it needs to be fed regularly. During the growing season it is necessary to feed them once a couple of weeks, for this you can buy special liquid fertilizers for deciduous or flowering plants.
Difficulties and illnesses
The first question that may arise from the owners of such flowers is why my hippeastrum does not want to bloom? Perhaps, the matter is in the wrong organization of the rest period: in order for such a flower to bloom, it is imperative that it “rest” before that.
Perhaps a problem in a small amount of nutrients and fertilizers that need to be regularly poured into the pot. Sometimes the gippeastrum spends all its strength on the fight against diseases and parasites, the most common is the scythe, the broom, the spider mite.
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