As a result, arachnoiditis of the brain and spinal cord can develop.

Arvachitis can be a complication of infections such as influenza, measles, bacterial pneumonia, scarlet fever, sometimes it develops in patients with encephalitis and myelitis (inflammation of the nerve fibers). Quite often, arachnoiditis develops as a result of traumatic brain injury due to the addition of a secondary infection.Such foci include chronic sinusitis, chronic tonsillitis, otitis media, the presence of carious teethAlso, arachnoiditis can develop in an apparently healthy person if he has foci of a chronic infection. The disease can be the result of chronic intoxication with alcohol, lead and arsenic, sometimes the cause of its appearance remains unexplained.
Between the arachnoid and soft shells there is a space filled with liquid (liquor), it contains substances necessary for the brain to work, and also softens the shocks resulting from the movement of the body.In arachnoiditis, the arachnoid membrane becomes inflamed, thicker and less mobile.Adhesions and cysts interfere with the normal movement of the CSF, bubbles form that put pressure on the brainIn severe cases, it grows together with soft and hard shells, forming adhesions. Sometimes cysts are formed, filled with clear or turbid contents.
The main symptom of arachnoiditis of the brain is headache, it is constant, wears a bursting or oppressive nature, is aggravated by physical and mental overstrain, overheating, stress. At the peak of a headache, vomiting is possible without relief. Also, patients are worried about general weakness, fatigue, insomnia, irritability.
Depending on the predominant localization of the lesion, various neurological disorders will be expressed. So, when localized in the anterior part, visual impairment will prevail - a gradual decrease in its acuity, a narrowing of the visual fields, the appearance of "blind" spots, double vision. As a result of the resulting traumatic brain injury, arachnoiditis mainly develops, which is characterized by convulsive seizures, up to generalized with loss of consciousness.
To make a diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct a series of studies - the visual acuity, visual field and fundus are always checked. Computed tomogram, electroencephalography and craniogram are performed for all patients. First of all, the doctor must exclude a tumor of the brain and spinal cord.
When treating arachnoiditis, first of all it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the disease. If the cause is an infection, antibiotics are prescribed, if it results from an injury, anti-inflammatory and antihistamines are used, and in convulsive syndrome, anticonvulsant therapy. Also prescribed vitamins and drugs to improve immunity. In the presence of cysts, only surgical treatment is performed.
Prevention of arachnoiditis includes timely treatment of all diseases, especially infectious diseases, rehabilitation of chronic foci of infection, measures aimed at improving immunity. To prevent traumatic brain injury, you should wear a helmet during construction work, riding a motorcycle, be sure to wear a seatbelt in your car.


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